Outcome: Children and Youth are Physically Safe

Indicator: Child Deaths per 100,000 ages 1-14

Significance of this indicator:

According to the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment, there are approximately 700 child fatalities (ages 0-17) that occur in the state of Colorado per year.  About half of these fatalities are from natural causes among infants under 28 days and are generally not formally reviewed by the CDPHE Child Fatality Prevention System staff. The staff does review the death certificates for the other 350 child fatalities that occur each year.

In 2011, the Colorado Child Fatality Prevention System (CFPS) completed a comprehensive review of both contributory and preventive factors in each case of child death.  In their Legislative Report they presented four strategies likely to have the greatest impact on preventing childhood deaths.  They were:

  • Strengthen Colorado’s graduated driver license law by: 1) increasing the minimum age for a learner’s permit from 15 to 16; 2) increasing the minimum age for an intermediate license from 16 to 17; and 3) expanding the restricted hours for intermediate drivers from between 12 a.m. and 5 a.m. to between 10 p.m. and 5 a.m.
  • Increase resources and support for the Colorado Children’s Trust Fund to enhance communities’ capacity to prevent child abuse and neglect.
  • Continue to support the Office of Suicide Prevention to enhance communities’ capacity to address suicide and to provide suicide prevention resources, outreach, and training throughout Colorado.
  • Establish a statutory requirement that allows for primary enforcement of the seat belt law, making it possible for a driver to be stopped and issued a citation if anyone in the vehicle is not properly restrained.

How we are doing on this indicator:

The child death rate was lower in Colorado than in Pueblo during the timeframe of 2009 through 2011.  Colorado experienced a slight increase of .8 in 2010, but decreased by 1.9 in 2011, an 11% decrease from 2010.  Pueblo had a 4.2 decrease in child death rates in 2010, but Pueblo’s rate increased by 10 in 2011, a 33% increase from 2010.

What the Data Tell Us

child deaths 1-14

Definition:  Deaths per 100,000 children ages 1 through 14 in Colorado. The data include deaths from natural causes (such as illness or congenital defects) or injury (including motor vehicle deaths, homicides and suicides).

Data Source:  Health Statistics Section, Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment. Provided by the Colorado Children’s Campaign, Kids Count Data Center

Data Considerations: Since the absolute number of child deaths in Pueblo is quite small, any year-to-year difference results in a large change in rate.  The number of deaths in each of these years is 7, 6, and 9 respectively.